The story of the Crimson Flowered Broad Bean has everything Hollywood could hope for; a gorgeous protagonist, passion, disaster and a hero rushing in to save the day at the last possible second.
The titillating tale begins with the first mention of the bean’s cultivation in 1778. For almost two centuries gardeners enjoyed its presence both in their gardens and on their tables. It’s hard to fathom how this beautiful bean fell from favour, but fall it did. By the 1970’s it was no longer being offered in catalogues and had all but disappeared. One might think it was a matter of taste; but one would be wrong. These broad beans taste as good as they look. The only plausible explanation is that humans are a fickle bunch, always chasing after something new. Even when the recently introduced broad beans had boring white blooms and lesser flavour, gardeners added them to their seed orders, ignoring the poor Crimson Broad Bean into oblivion.
Well, not everyone. Not Rhoda Cutbush of Kent, UK. Her father originally received the seeds for this heirloom from a cottage garden back in 1912 and Rhoda grew up eating this wonderful bean. As the bean’s only known proponent, Rhoda continued the tradition of cultivating the plants, saving her own seed and replanting year after year. And then…disaster struck! In 1978 at the age of 73, a crop failure wiped out every last one of Rhoda’s beans. Searching through a shed she stumbled upon a tin holding three Crimson Broad Bean seeds. In desperation she sent them to Lawrence Hills, founder of the Heritage Seed Library who took on the enormous responsibility of rescuing the bean from extinction.
Ironically, the Crimson Broad Bean’s near demise also proved to be its saving grace. The story captivated gardeners the world over and the laws of supply and demand helped the bean slowly regain its rightful place in seed catalogues. Today it is still an all too rare sight in gardens, but happily no longer in danger of extinction; at least not for the time being.
If your interest in heirlooms is big, but your garden is small this is a story to keep in mind. No matter how diminutive your plot might be you can surely manage to save three seeds. As the saying goes, never underestimate the power of one person to change the world; indeed, it is the only thing that ever has! I challenge you to choose one heirloom that interests you and become a champion for its survival.
• Broad beans are also known as fava beans.
• A small percentage of people, usually of Mediterranean heritage, experience a severe allergic reaction to fava beans.
• Unlike heat loving bush and pole beans, broad beans are cool weather crops and should be sown the same time as peas.
• Plants can reach bush-like statures of 4-5 feet (1.2-1.5 metres) high. The Crimson Flowered Broad Bean is a bit smaller usually topping out at approximately 3 feet (0.9 metres) with robust 6 inch (15 cm) pods. Sowing to harvest is approximately 100 days.
• Crimson Broad Beans will occasionally revert to white blooms. Should this happen remove the rogue plant immediately to keep the crimson genes intact.
• Beans pull nitrogen into the soil making them an excellent cover crop.
• Broad beans can be eaten pod and all when young, or shelled for soup beans when they are older. Skin on older beans can be rather chewy. Happily, the beans naturally shed their jackets while being boiled, exposing their tender, inside morsels. Simply scoop out the boiled beans and leave their jackets behind. They can then be consumed with a dab of butter or splash of olive oil or tossed into your favorite fava recipe.
• Beans are largely self pollinating but broad beans are often visited by bees; bumblebees in particular. To help ensure seed saving purity, plant only one type of broad bean in your garden.
• Broad beans are frequently attacked by black aphids. The simplest and safest method of dealing with these pests is to blast them off with a garden hose. Many gardeners report the Crimson Flowered Broad Bean doesn’t seem to be as bothered by aphids; just one more reason to be grateful we still have this bean in our gene pool!
A special thank you goes out to Neil Munro, current manager of The Heritage Seed Library, for his help with facts about their role in the resurrection of the Crimson Broad Bean and for providing us with a lovely picture of Rhoda Cutbush. Any one interested in finding out more about The Heritage Seed Library can check them out here.